Benzalkonium chloride or triclosan.
Normally at about 0.1 to 0.3% incorporation rate.
Benzalkonium chloride has less reliable activity against bacteria and viruses than alcohol.
No health authority recommends alcohol free. Universally, health authorities only recommend alcohol based hand sanitizers of 60% to 80% ethanol.
Alcohol ensures broad spectrum, fast active, germ killing efficacy.
The fact that alcohol free hand sanitizer formulas stay on your skin or the surfaces of your home for hours at a time with low levels of antimicrobial chemicals (for example an alcohol free hand sanitiser will contain about 0.1 to 0.3% benzalkonium chloride or triclosan) gives bacteria and viruses an opportunity to mutate & evolve. ie create superbugs. Thats why alcohol is universally recommended in healthcare settings because they have the highest kill rate and kills germs in 15 seconds flat.
Benzalkonium chloride is a sensitizer and is especially dangerous for people with asthma or skin conditions such as eczema…
Triclosan has been shown to cause hormone disruption.
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